Important notice

Meds75+ – information regarding the use for persons aged 75+

Substances A-Z
  • Of

  • Ofloxacinum
  • Ol

  • Olanzapinum
    Used as "PSYCHOLEPTICS"
    Class C
    Suitable for older persons, with specific cautions. Anticholinergic. Sedative. Regularly assess the need for pharmacotherapy. Significant adverse effects include cognitive disorder, confusion, extrapyramidal symptoms, orthostatic hypotension and risk of cardiovascular events. Increases risk for falls. Non-pharmacological treatments are the first line approach in the management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia.
  • Om

  • Omeprazolum
    Class A
    Suitable for older persons. Over 8 weeks use only for high risk patients. In long term use, may reduce the absorption of calcium and vitamin B12.
  • On

  • Ondansetronum
    Class C
    Suitable for older persons, with specific cautions. May prolong the QT interval.
  • Ox

  • Oxazepamum
    Used as "PSYCHOLEPTICS"
    Class C
    Suitable for older persons, with specific cautions. Sedative. For short-term use only. Addictive. Significant adverse effects include cognitive disporder and risk for traffic accidents. Increases risk for falls. Paradoxically, may increase anxiety, restlessness and aggression. Non-pharmacological treatments are primary in the treatment of insomnia and behavioral symptoms.
  • Oxcarbazepinum
    Used as "ANTIEPILEPTICS"
    Class C
    Suitable for older persons, with specific cautions. Reduce the dose in severe renal insufficiency. Several adverse effects, such as hyponatraemia, changes in blood count and risk of hepatic injury. Need for a Vitamin D supplement must be taken into account in long-term use.
  • Oxybutynini hydrochloridum
    Used as "UROLOGICALS"
    Class D
    Avoid use in older persons. Anticholinergic. Significant adverse effects include dry mouth, constipation, tachycardia, urinary difficulties, confusion and cognitive disorder. Weakens the efficacy of anti-Alzheimer´s drugs.
  • Oxybutyninum
    Used as "UROLOGICALS"
    Class D
    Avoid use in older persons. Anticholinergic. Significant adverse effects include dry mouth, constipation, tachycardia, urinary difficulties, confusion and cognitive disorder. Weakens the efficacy of anti-Alzheimer´s drugs.
  • Oxycodoni hydrochloridum
    Used as "ANALGESICS"
    Class C
    Suitable for older persons, with specific cautions. Opioid. Sedative. Risk of QT prolongation. Reduce the dose in even mild renal insufficiency. Start a laxative to prevent constipation. Take interactions into account. Avoid consuming grapefruit during treatment.

Icon explanation

Class A A (green): Suitable for the older persons. The medicinal substance can be used as in younger patients. Changes due to aging do not affect the dose or frequency of administration, and the adverse reaction profile is not different from that of younger patients.

Class B B (grey): There is little research evidence, practical experience or efficacy in older persons.

Class C C (yellow): Suitable for older persons, with specific cautions. The medicinal substance can be used by older persons, but the dose might either have to be reduced, or the frequency of administration decreased due to mild or moderate renal insufficiency or a significant risk of interactions or adverse reactions.

Class D D (red): Avoid use in older persons. Use is possible only in exceptional cases or on a one-off basis. Changes due to aging predispose older persons to adverse or dangerous reactions to the drug. The risk of adverse reactions typically exceeds the benefits.

Meds75+ data source is Finnish Medicines Agency Fimea (licensed under CC BY 4.0).
Data updated on Mar 30, 2021.